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Is male infertility being a widespread problem & what are the contributing factors?

MALE INFERTILITY

Nearly one in seven couples are infertile, which indicates that they have not been able to produce a child despite having regular, unsafe sexual intercourse for more than a year. The male infertility of approximately half of such couples contributes to their inability to have children.

Poor sperm count, poor sperm functioning, or sperm transport obstructions may all contribute to male infertility. A variety of causes might lead to male infertility, including physical ailments, mental health issues, poor dietary habits, and others.

What is the prevalence of male infertility?

Getting multiple unsuccessful pregnancies is considered clinically infertile for males and females who have not been able to conceive after a year of engaging in sexual activity without taking birth control. 15 per cent of couples cannot develop after one year of unsafe sex, and 10 per cent after two years still haven’t had a healthy pregnancy, according to research. 1,2 Couples under the age of 30 who are usually healthy are more likely to become pregnant in the first 3 months than couples older than 30.

When you should visit a doctor

Contact best male fertility centre in Delhi if you were unable to get pregnant after one year of frequent, unprotected sexual contact or earlier if you get any of the following circumstances:

  • Difficulties with erections or ejaculation, insufficient sex desire, or other issues with sexual function
  • In the testicular region, you may experience pain, discomfort, a bump, or enlargement
  • A history of testicular or sexual issues is required to participate
  • A groyne, testicular, penis, or scrotum operation is performed
  • A companion who is above the age of thirty-five.

Which kinds of men are more prone to infertility issues?

There are certain men who are more prone than others to struggle with infertility. You may be more probable if you do the following:

  • You have a body mass index of 30 or above.
  • You’ve been exposed to radioactive contamination.
  • Lead, pesticides, calcium, and mercury are examples of environmental toxins that you have been exposed to.
  • It is known that you had an unruptured testicle in the past.
  • Smoking, marijuana, or alcohol misuse are all things you do.
  • Testosterone has been injected into your system. Some guys need testosterone injections, implantation, or oral gel to treat low testosterone levels.
  • If you have a yeast infection, take certain drugs, such as cyproterone, cimetidine, spironolactone, flutamide, bicalutamide, or ketoconazole.
  • You have a past of varicoceles, which are enlarged veins in the scrotum that have caused discomfort in the past.

What factors contribute to male infertility?

Problems with sperm count or sperm transport might result in infertility. It’s possible to determine the source of the problem with medical testing. Sperm production is an issue for almost two-thirds of all infertile males, who produce low amounts of sperm that do not function correctly.

Many men who are unable to conceive because they lack sperm have additional health issues, such as those who have undergone a vasectomy and now want to become parents. Sperm ejaculation may be hindered by obstacles also known as blockages in the tubes that connect the testicular to the penis. The following less prevalent factors may also cause infertility and an indication that you need treatment for male infertility:

  • Vaginal issues affecting the ability of semen to enter the uterus
  • The pituitary gland produces low quantities of hormones that impact the testicles.
  • Antibodies against sperm. Most men’s fertility is unaffected by sperm antibodies; however, it may be reduced in certain circumstances.
  • Infertility in men may be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics.

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