Infertility has long been considered a female issue. However, it turns out that males aren’t so easy to get away with. One in every three cases of infertility is caused only by the man. Fortunately, having infertility troubles does not rule out the possibility of having a child with your partner. Some medications and procedures can help you with conception.
Reasons for male infertility
Some males are more likely than others to be infertile. If you:
- Your age is 40 or older
- You are obese or overweight
- You’ve been irradiated.
- You’re a smoker, a marijuana user, or an alcoholic
- In the past, you’ve been exposed to toxins from the environment. These toxins could be lead or mercury.
- The medicines you’re taking include cyproterone and flutamide, spironolactone, bicalutamide, cimetidine, and ketoconazole.
- Hormonal problem
- Genetic disorder
- Lifestyle or environmental factors.
- Physical problems with the testicles.
Symptoms of male infertility
Infertility itself is a sign. However, describing the psychological and emotional effects of infertility on a couple who wants to have a family is far more challenging. Having a child often becomes their entire life’s aim. Both males and females wanting pregnancy experience feelings of grief, depression, loss, inadequacy, and failure.
Couples who are experiencing any of these emotions should seek professional counselling from Infertility Specialist in Delhi such as a therapist or psychiatrists. Such professionals can assist you in dealing with the problem realistically and offer support even when you are undergoing therapy.
How male infertility diagnosed
It all starts with a complete physical exam to find out how healthy you are and to look for any physical problems that could hurt your fertility. If you and your partner have sex, the doctor may also ask you and your partner about it. A physical exam and history may not show why you can’t have a baby. If that doesn’t help, you may need to have tests done to find out what’s wrong. In most cases, diagnosing male infertility problems usually includes:
- Medical history and General physical examination- You should also be examined for genetic diseases, chronic illnesses, traumas or procedures that may influence fertility. Your doctor may also inquire about your sexual practices and puberty sexual development.
- Semen analysis– In the doctor’s office, you can submit a sample by masturbating and ejaculating. Some males prefer a different method of sperm collecting due to religious or cultural beliefs. Using a specific condom during intercourse can gather semen in certain circumstances.
Treatment for male infertility
Infertility is frequently difficult to diagnose. Even if the exact cause is unknown, your doctor may be able to suggest medications or procedures help you conceive.
The female partner should also be evaluated in cases of infertility. It’s possible that your companion will need specialised therapy also. Alternatively, you might discover that using assisted reproductive technologies is the best option for you.
Male infertility treatments include the following:
- Surgery- A varicocele, for example, or an obstructed vas deferens can frequently be rectified surgically. It is possible to reverse previous vasectomies. When there are no sperm in the ejaculate, sperm retrieval procedures can often be used to extract sperm directly from the testicles or epididymis.
- Infection treatment- Antibiotic treatment may cure a reproductive tract infection, but it does not necessarily restore fertility.
- Treatments for issues in sexual intercourse– In cases of erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation, medication or counselling might assist increase fertility.
- Treatments and drugs for hormones– In cases when infertility is caused by high or low levels of specific hormones or difficulties with the way the body processes hormones, your doctor may recommend hormone replacement or drugs.
- Aspects of assisted reproduction technology (ART)- Depending on your personal condition and needs, ART treatments may include collecting sperm by natural ejaculation, surgical extraction, or from donor persons. The sperm are then either injected into the female vaginal tract or used in in vitro fertilisation or intracytoplasmic sperm injection procedures.
Infertility concerns do not mean you will never be able to have a child. There are remedies. You can improve your chances of conception by working with your spouse and a urologist.