Every female of the reproductive age is supposed to ovulate. This process involves the release of an ovum or egg from the ovary. A normal menstrual cycle lasts for 28 days, and an egg is released every 14th day of this cycle. This process involves the release of multiple hormones playing different roles.
Chronic ovulation disorders are known as the most common cause of infertility in females. Anovulation can prevent the monthly release of an oocyte. No oocyte means no possibility of getting pregnant. This is one of the reasons why several individuals seek for the IVF doctor in Delhi NCR for treatment.
Types of Ovulation Disorders
These disorders can further be divided into four parts, these are:
8 per cent of females in their reproductive years are affected by PCOS. It is also the most common cause for anovulation in up to 85 per cent of all the patients. It is tested with the help of Rotterdam criteria. When an individual has at least 2 out of 3 criteria, it can be diagnosed as PCOS. These criteria include anovulation, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries.
PCOS can cause infertility as it may prevent the development of a mature follicle and causes anovulation. For treatment, individuals with such disorders can seek for the best fertility doctor in Delhi.
A pituitary gland depends on a hormone system for its normal functioning. However, the pituitary adenoma can disrupt this system and lead to infertility. Due to this condition a benign tumour which does not spread is found in the pituitary gland.
These tumours hinder the release of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) or LH (luteinizing hormone). These hormones are responsible for stimulating the development of numerous ovarian follicles or ovulation. When the levels of these hormones are too low, they disturb the menstrual cycle and cause infertility.
When an individual exercises excessively or suffers from eating disorders, hypothalamic amenorrhea can affect them. Under these conditions, the secretion of GnRH or gonadotropin-releasing hormone is hindered.
Females who indulge in extreme physical activities, have a diet low in calorie or related weight loss can release high levels of cortisol. These elevated cortisol levels can lead to GnRH suppression which cause hinder the release of FSH, gonadotropins and LH. This results in anovulation, abnormal growth of follicles and reduced estrogenic levels.
Premature Ovarian Failure:
The age is a major factor that affects the fertility in women. As they age, the number of follicles decrease. External factors such as smoking are also known for affecting the declining follicular quantity.
When a female’s ovaries do not function as they should before 40 years of age, it results in premature ovarian failure. This leads to the inability of ovaries to release eggs or required oestrogen level. It is also called primary ovarian insufficiency and causes infertility in females. Individuals can find the best IVF doctor in Delhi NCR to help treat this condition.
IVF Treatment for Ovulation Disorders
In vitro fertilisation or IVF can effectively treat ovulation disorders. This treatment includes the stimulation of hormones to release several eggs during menstrual cycle. Further, it involves injecting hormones to mature them. These eggs are further collected from the vagina along with the semen sample from the partner or a donor.
Later, these eggs are fertilized overnight in a dish. The embryo is then implanted in the uterus. These embryos can also be frozen for the future use. After two weeks of implantation, a pregnancy test is performed. This treatment is for individuals who cannot restore their ovulation to treat infertility problems such as PCOS. You can find the best fertility doctor in Delhi to treat infertility.
Ovulation disorders can be one of the most common reasons for infertility in women. Anovulation such as PCOS, pituitary adenoma, hypothalamic amenorrhea, and premature ovarian failure. These disorders can be treated with the help of IVF treatment.