Infertility is the inability to become pregnant after having unprotected intercourse for at least a year. Although female fertility decreases with age, it’s crucial to remember that this issue affects men and women equally. Men may have issues with infertility.
Infertility is not the same as sterility, though. Some couples who sought medical care were successful in becoming pregnant. Several reasons, many of which are curable, may cause these issues.
Causes of Infertility in Women
Every stage of the human reproduction process must go according to plan for pregnancy. Here are the stages in this process:
- The developed egg is released by one of the two ovaries.
- The fallopian tube collects the egg.
- To reach the egg for fertilization, sperm travel up the cervix, into the uterus, and the fallopian tube.
- The fetus’s fertilized egg descends into the fallopian tube and enters the uterus.
- The fertilized egg develops by implanting (attaching) to the uterus’ inside.
A variety of reasons may affect this process in women. Some of the following reasons can contribute to infertility in women.
The majority of instances of infertility are caused by sporadic or non-existent ovulation. Ovulation difficulties may result from issues with the ovary, the pituitary gland, or the brain regulating reproductive hormones. These can be treated in the best ICSI clinic in Delhi NCR.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS):Ovulation is impacted by the hormonal imbalance brought on by PCOS. PCOS is linked to insulin resistance, obesity, abnormal body or facial hair development, and acne. It is the most frequent reason for infertility in women.
- Hypothalamic dysfunction:Each month, the pituitary gland releases two chemicals, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), to promote ovulation. Very high or extremely low body weight or excessive physical or mental stress may interfere with the synthesis of these hormones and impair ovulation. The most typical symptoms are irregular or missing menstruation.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency:This condition, also known as premature ovarian failure, is often brought on by an immunological reaction or the early loss of eggs from your ovaries, which may be brought on by genetics or chemotherapy. In younger women, the ovary reduces estrogen production since it no longer produces eggs.
- Excessive prolactin:Prolactin may be produced in excess by the pituitary gland, which inhibits estrogen synthesis and may result in infertility. The meds you’re taking for a different ailment may cause this.
Fallopian tube damage (tubal infertility)
Fallopian tubes that are damaged or clogged prevent sperm from reaching the egg or prevent the fertilized egg from entering the uterus. The following list of factors may contribute to fallopian tube injury or obstruction:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes brought on by chlamydia, gonorrhea, or other sexually transmitted illnesses.
- Prior abdominal or pelvic surgery, such as surgery for an ectopic pregnancy (a fertilized egg implants and grows outside of the uterus, often in a fallopian tube).
Endometriosis results when tissue that normally develops in the uterus implants and expands in other areas. The surgical excision of this excess tissue development may result in scarring, obstructing fallopian tubes, and preventing the union of an egg and sperm.
Additionally, endometriosis may prevent a fertilized egg from implanting properly. The illness also seems to harm sperm or eggs, which would less obviously impact fertility. Endometriosis-related infertility may be treated well with IVF and ICSI treatment in Delhi.
Cervical or uterine causes
The following uterine or cervical conditions may prevent the egg from implanting or raise the chance of miscarriage:
- The uterus often develops benign polyps or tumors (fibroids or myomas). Some may reduce fertility by preventing implantation or blocking fallopian tubes. But many women with fibroids or polyps successfully become pregnant.
- Obstacles to becoming pregnant or maintaining pregnancy might result from uterine issues present from birth, such as a uterus that is not normally formed.
- A cervix injury or hereditary abnormality may lead to cervical stenosis, a narrowing of the cervix.
- Sometimes, the cervix cannot create the ideal mucus to enable the sperm to pass through and enter the uterus.
Unknown causes of infertility
Sometimes the reason for infertility is never identified. Multiple small variables in both couples may bring on unaccounted-for reproductive issues. Even though it is upsetting not to get a clear response, this issue will eventually disappear. But it would help if you didn’t put off getting infertility therapy.
There are many causes of female infertility, and many therapies are available to address them. However, you must start the initial step as soon as possible since age plays a significant role in fertility, and time is important.
So, get the correct assistance. Ask the correct queries during a consultation in the IVF treatment centre in Delhi using what you’ve learned so far. If you have any worries, Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour offers specialized treatment for all of your obstetric and gynecologic requirements. Contact us right now to make an appointment!