Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedure in which a single sperm is directly injected into an egg to fertilize it. ICSI is usually performed when there is a low sperm count, poor sperm quality, or difficulty in fertilizing an egg through conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) methods. ICSI has a higher success rate compared to conventional IVF and is used as a solution to infertility issues.
The six steps of sperm retrieval for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are:
- Anaesthesia: The patient is given anesthesia to numb the area and minimize discomfort during the procedure.
- Collection of semen sample: A semen sample is collected through masturbation or with the use of a special device.
- Preparation of the semen sample: The semen sample is processed to separate the sperm from the fluid.
- Selection of sperm: The best sperm are selected based on their motility, shape, and other factors.
- Injection of sperm: Using a fine needle, a single sperm is injected into the center of an egg.
- Fertilization check: The fertilized eggs are checked for development and normalcy. The success of fertilization is typically confirmed after approximately 18 hours.
The above steps may vary slightly depending on the specific procedure and the individual case, and the procedure may require additional steps. It’s important to discuss the specific details of the procedure with your doctor.